The First Engineer, Civil Engineer, founder of State bank of Mysore, founder of Mysore soap and oil co. Ltd.,designer of first India Automated-flood gates BHARAT RATNA Sir Mokshagundam Visvesvaraya, he played a vital and noble role in the development of southern region of India. He was appointment as DIWAN of MYSORE state. His engineering education was completed from College of Engineering, PUNE. He worked in approximately in each of the governmental departments and every sub-branch of Civil Engineering. His work was revolutionary in each of them. He joined in PWD as an Assistant Engineer, then he was invited in Irrigation department, then Executive Engineer, Superitending Engineer and what not.
Birth and Mystry of Name
Sir MV was born in 1860 sepetmber 15, in a Telugu Brahmin family, to Mokshagundam Srinivasa Shastry and Venkatalakshmamma, in a small village called Muddenhalli, Kanrataka (Then Mysore State). He lost his father at his 12. His ancesters were from a village Mokshagundam, in Prakasam District, Andhra Pradesh. These people useed to use their village name with their name so the name became Mokshagundam Visvesvaraya.
He got enrolled in the kannada medium school, in Chikballapur where he completed his primary education, and his higher secondary school in Bangalore. He earned his Bachelor’s degree in arts from University of Madras in year 1881. Then he did his engineering from prestigious College of Engineering, Pune in Maharashtra.
Sir MV joined and served mostly every Government Department for civil engineer. After completion of engineering from College of Engineering, Pune Sir MV joined Public Works Department as an Assistant Engineer in year 1984. Later he was invited to join Indian Irrigation Commission where he served to implement extremely intricate irrigation system in Deccan Area of India.He also Invented and patented a system of automatic weir-water floodgates which was firstly installed in 19003 at Khadakwasla Reservoir, near Pune. These gates helped to raise the flood water supply level of Dam storage to its highest level due to which no damage is caused to the dam. Based upon the success of these gates, same mechanism was adopted at Tigra Dam in Gwalior and Krishna Raja Sagara Dam in Mandya/Mysore, Karnataka.
In 1906-07, Government of India sent him to study Water Supply at Aden, and the project submitted by him was implemented in Aden successfully. He was well known after his design of Flood Protection system for Hyderabad City. Sir MV was involved in KRS project across Kaveri river from concept to inauguration. This Dam created asia’s biggest reservoir when constructed. He was known as “The Father of modern Mysore State”, during his service in Mysore Government he was responsible for the successful founding of Mysore Soap Factory, The Parasitoide Laboratory, the Mysore Iron and Steel Works(now Visvesvaraya Iron and Steel Limited) in Bhadravathi, the Shri Jayachamarajendra Polytechnic Institute, the Bangalore Agricultural University, the State bank of Mysore, The Century Club, Mysore Chambers of commerce, and many more industrial Ventures. He encouraged Private industries and investments when he was Diwan of Mysore.
Jawaharlal Nehru remarks him as,”A Dreamer, thinker and a man of actions not lost in past but always thinking of the future, living and bringing into existence, an integrated life and shaping dreams not for himself but for India and the people of India.”
The Train Incident
It was mid-night, a train was pacing to its destination with speed, with a howl in the silence of the night. A man was sleeping with his head on the side window of the train. Suddenly he jumped off his berth and pulled the chain and the train stopped after some distance.
The TCs and Police rushed to the compartment to know what happened. Passengers thought he did it in a sleepy mood so they were furious at him. but the man was very cool and calm.
Passengers(angrily): Why did you pulled chain?
MAN(calmly): There is a crack in the rails. if the train goes over it mishaps may occur.
(passengers were surprised and about to argue on his calm reaction)3
Passengers: What nonsense? are you blabbering in sleep? Did you get dream about it?
MAN(calmly): First of all you please check the rails and then we shall talk.(the man suggested)
When it was checked by the railway staff, there was crack in the rails such that if train goes over it mishaps was obvious in that dark night. When the man as asked “how?”, he answered that he deducted it from the changed sound of rails. The vibrating sound changed too heavily that he recognized that there was a crack. This man was “The preeminent engineer- Sir Mokshagundam Visvesvaraya”